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【中考真题】青海省中考英语真题试卷(附答案)

时间:2020-08-07 21:08:41 真题 中考 青海省

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  绝密★启用前 【中考真题】2020 年青海省中考英语真题试卷(附答案) 注意事项:

 1.答题前填写好自己的姓名、班级、考号等信息 2.请将答案正确填写在答题卡上

 一、单选题 1.— The dining hall is specially built for ________. — That’ s great! People over seventies won’t have to worry about their daily meals. A.an old man B.the old man C.the old 2.— Mary and her classmates are busy preparing for their final examination. — That’s why you can always see ________ learning in the library. A.them B.us C.her 3.The only jokes I tell are the ________ that I hear from you. A.one B.ones C.joke 4.Cookies are just the thing to serve ________ tall glasses of real lemon juice. A.at B.in C.with 5.—Could you please ________ the picture on the wall and make it clean? —Sure. I’d love to. A.pull down B.take away C.take down 6.—Lily is intelligent and hard-working, she ________ do well in the singing competition. —Sure. She was born to be a singer. A.should B.might C.can’t 7.—Xining is getting more and more beautiful. —Oh, yes. I think more changes are ________. A.on the radio B.in the end C.on the way 8.I was still feeling hungry ________ I had eaten some sandwiches. A.so B.though C.since 9.A CCTV news reporter will come to interview Wang Lin tomorrow. Please tell her ________. A.not to be late B.not to come C.to watch TV 10.—She was the best seller in the company and her boss gave her a special ten-day holiday. —That’s so cool. She sold out ________ products than any others last year.

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  A.the most B.more C.fewer 11.—What are you expecting to do when the flu stops spreading? —I ________ the world and enjoy different food. A.go around B.have been on a tour of C.will travel around 12.We’ ll never forget those ________ lost their lives for our country. A.who B.which C.whom 13.—It’s difficult to get a ticket of Jay Zhou’s concert. —________, I’ve got one. A.Finally B.Luckily C.Recently 14.—What a fine day! Let’s go for a picnic, ________? —Sounds like a good idea. A.shall we B.don’t we C.can we 15.—What do you know about the earthquake happened in the morning? —The wounded people ________ to the hospital in time. A.are brought B.were brought C.will be brought 16.—We’d better ask the local people when we’ll get to the next town. —We did. But nobody could say ________ it would take. A.how often B.how far C.how long 17.—Why don’t you find some workers to repair the machines? —Well, ________ of them want to do such a low-paid job. A.a few B.few C.some 18.—________ an amusement center, some restaurants and hundreds of stores in the shopping mall. —Wow, it’s amazing. I will go next week. A.There is B.There are C.There will be 19.—Why do so many Canadian companies want him to work for them? —He can speak both English and French. It’s certainly his ________. A.decision B.condition C.advantage 20.— You look down! What’ s up? — ________. A.I’m watching a sitcom B.My mom is ill C.I just finished high school

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 二、完型填空

  Blue whales are the largest animals in the world. But they are amazing

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 because of their huge size, but their slow heartbeat. For the first time , scientists have researched the

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 of a blue whale. They found

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 when blue whales dive (潜水) for food, their heart rates (心率) are as

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 as 2 beats per (每) minute (bpm). Scientists used to

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 that their diving heart rate was 15 bpm. When the whales go to the ocean’s

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 to breathe, their heart rate is between 25 and 37 bpm. Usually, the larger an animal is,

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 its heart beats, since it takes more time to pump (输送) blood around

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 body. Shrews, the smallest mammals (哺乳动物), have a heart rate of up to 1,000 bpm. Humans usually stay between 60 and 100 bpm.

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 slowing their heart rate, blue whales can send more blood to the muscles (肌肉) that they use

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  . These muscles become stronger, allowing the whales to dive for longer periods of time. 21.A.neither B.either C.not only D.although 22.A.heartbeat B.body size C.diving D.food 23.A.it B.that C.once D.if 24.A.many B.little C.fast D.slow 25.A.regard B.expect C.think D.doubt 26.A.bottom B.surface C.center D.side 27.A.the slower B.slower C.the faster D.faster 28.A.it’s B.its C.his D.her 29.A.By B.In C.On D.At 30.A.to pump blood B.to eat C.to breathe D.to dive

  三、阅读单选

 5 Great British Bands Name Origin Dates Main band members Famous song/album Honours

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  The Beatles Liverpool 1960-70 John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, Ringo Starr The Beatles (The White Album) Best- selling band in history The Rolling Stones London 1962 - present Mick Jagger, Keith Richards, Charlie Watts, Ronnie Wood, Bill Wyman It’s Only Rock’n Roll 4th on ‘100 Greatest Artists of All Time’ list (Rolling Stones magazine) The Who London 1964 -82,

 1985,

 1988 - 89,

 1996 - present Pete Townshend, Roger Daltrey, John Entwistle, Keith Moon, Kenney Jones My Generation Have seven albums on Rolling Stone magazine’s ‘500 Greatest Albums of All Time’ Led Zeppelin London 1968 -80 ( reunions: 1985,1988, 1995, 2007) John Bonham, John Paul Jones, Jimmy Page, Robert Plant Stairway to Heaven Second best-selling band ever in the USA Pink Floyd London 1965 - 1995, (one-off reunion: 2005) Syd Berrett, Roger Waters, Richard Wright, Nick Mason, David Gilmour The Dark Side of the Moon Sold more than 250 million albums worldwide

 仔细阅读表格内信息,选择最佳答案。

 31.________ formed in Liverpool. A.The Beatles B.The Rolling Stones C.The Who D.Led Zeppelin 32.________ lasts the longest. A.The Rolling Stones B.The Who C.Led Zeppelin D.Pink Floyd 33.Among the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time on Rolling Stone magazine, ________ has seven. A.The Beatles B.The Rolling Stones C.The Who D.Led Zeppelin 34.Led Zeppelin’s most famous song is ________.

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  A.It’s Only Rock’n Roll B.My Generation C.Stairway to Heaven D.The Dark Side of the Moon 35.________ was one of the members of Pink Floyd. A.John Lennon B.Keith Richards C.John Paul D.Richard Wright

 Over the last six months, the coronavirus pandemic (冠状病毒疫情) has affected different countries and regions in different ways. Here, we’ll take a look at a few of the most important events that have happened. Italy shuts down On March 10, the Italian government decided to put the whole country on lockdown after the number of cases (病例) in the country started increasing quickly, people were suggested not leaving their home. The first case was detected (检测到) as early as January 31. In the following weeks, the number of cases reached over 10,000 by the time of the lockdown. The lockdown affected 16 million people across the country. Italy was one of the first of many countries that carried out lockdowns to prevent the spread of the virus. WHO declares pandemic On March 11, World Health Organization (WHO) officially characterized (描述) COVID-19 as a pandemic. This was because of a growing number of cases around the world. By this time, there were more than 20,0000 cases in Europe, including 1,000 deaths, as well as 1,000 cases in the US. Summer Olympics delayed On March 24, President of the International Olympic Committee ( IOC) Thomas Bach announced the 2020 Summer Olympic Games, which were planned to be held in Tokyo, would be delayed until the following year in the interest of protecting pubic safety. US hits over 1 million cases On April 28, the US officially recorded over one million COVID-19 cases nationwide. This came just four days after it was announced that the virus had resulted in over 50,000 deaths across the country. The virus spread rapidly across the country, as the first case had been recorded three months earlier. 根据短文内容,选择最佳答案。

 36.The events in the passage are all connected with ________. A.Italy’s lockdown B.Olympic games

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  C.US cases D.the coronavirus pandemic 37.In Paragraph 2, the underlined word “lockdown” probably means ________. A.封城 B.控制 C.关押 D.锁定 38.COVID-19 was officially announced as a pandemic because it ________. A.caused the lockdowns B.had a growing number of cases in the world C.could result in death D.spread quickly in Europe 39.2020 Summer Olympic Games in Tokyo will be delayed because ________. A.people may not go during the pandemic B.the cases in Asia increased quickly C.it hasn’t been well-prepared D.it’s necessary to protect public safety 40.It took ________ for the number of COVID-19 cases in the US to reach over one million. A.four days B.twenty-eight days C.three months D.four months

 Both of my two sons were born in Toronto, but they moved with us to Ottawa when they were quite young. They went to school there, grew up there. Later, one of my sons went to Canada’s east coast near a city called Halifax and the other moved to the west coast to Vancouver. My wife and I were left in the middle. As we nearly retired (退休), we started to think where we should spend our final years. For several reasons we decided to live on a small town on Vancouver Island, where was close to one of my sons. However, the son moved to Hollywood soon after he had got another job there. I helped him move. We still lived a happy life in our little west coast town, but we have paid a price. We have not been there for some important events such as the births of our grandchildren. We have missed watching them grow up; we have missed backyard barbecues (烧烤) and basketball weekends with them. Our home, while very comfortable, was also very quiet. Every fall we travel to see the children. We usually fly, first to California to see our son Scott and spend a week or more with him trying to catch up on everything we’ve missed. Then, usually in November, we make the even longer trip east across Canada to see Travis and our grandchildren, who were about their twenties. Fortunately, both our sons are doing well and grandchildren are growing up straight and tall. We love all of them and they love us. We’re very happy but there are times I think about the

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  things we didn’t see: the tears or the smile on the granddaughter’s face, their school graduations, my son’s joy at successes in business. Life has been good for our family but we have all paid a price. 根据短文内容,选择最佳答案。

 41.The writer’s sons grew up in ________. A.Toronto B.Ottawa C.Halifax D.Vancouver 42.From the underlined sentence in paragraph 3, we can infer (推断) that the writer ________. A.wanted to live a noisy life B.was satisfied with retired life C.lived a comfortable life D.was sometimes lonely 43.Which of the following important events did the writer miss? A.The births of his grandchildren. B.School graduations of his grandchildren. C.The successful times of his son’s business. D.All of the above. 44.For his family life, the writer implies (暗示) ________. A.they all regret not living together all the time although enjoying a happy life B.they enjoy a happy life because they can see each other every year C.they are proud of the sons and the grandchildren D.they love the sons and the grandchildren 45.What’s the best title for the passage? A.Living a happy life. B.A price to pay. C.Moving from east to west. D.My sons and grandchildren.

  四、补话 全对话 7 选 选 5 A: Does your son share everyday chores? B: 46. How about your daughter? A: Well, she did little housework except for her homework. 47. B: Probably we should change our mind. It’s important to develop kids’ hardworking spirit and form good working habits through both school and family education. A: Sounds right. 48. B: 49. A: I agree. 50.

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  B: Sure, the more skills they have, the more problems they can deal with. A.After all, they will leave parents and face the challenges in life. B.78% students don’t help with everyday chores. C.But what should we do? D.Well, schools can give students some real-world work experience, while parents can help kids learn to do chores at home. E.Not really. F.However, this has not been done in recent years. G.We expect she can spend all her spare time on school work.

  五、用单词的正确形式完成短文

  safety

 country

 shock

 set up

 help

 During World War Ⅰ, a naval blockade (海军封锁) kept food and supplies from entering Germany. English charity (慈善机构)worker Eglantyne Jebb was 51. to see the influence that action had on children. In 1919, she 52. an organization named Save the Children, mainly helping children get out of the difficult situation. Today, Save the Children works in 120 53.. It helps with food, education and health. In Syria, the organization 54. more than 2 million children, providing food and other supplies, as well as 55. spaces for children to learn and get mental health services. During major conflicts (冲突) such as the war in Syria, Save the Children doesn’t choose sides—it chooses children.

  六、信息归纳

  Which topic drew the most attention from people around the world in 2019? It was climate (气候) change, according to three well-known English dictionaries. The Oxford, Collins and Cambridge dictionaries chose “climate emergency”, “climate strike” and “upcycling”, respectively, as their “Word of the Year”. This tells us that climate change was a widely-discussed issue (话题) in 2019. “Climate emergency” means a situation in which urgent action is needed to reduce climate change. “Climate strike” refers to people leaving work or school to call for more action to

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  protect the environment. “Upcycling” refers to making new items out of old or used items to reduce waste. Climate change has already affected the world in many ways. Take Venice, for example. Due to climate change, Venice experienced the worst flooding (洪水) it has seen in the last 50 years in 2019. Many stores, restaurants and hotels were flooded. This caused serious damage totaling hundreds of millions of euros (欧元). Although we’ve known about global warming (全球变暖) for a long time, people have been slow to respond to it. The year 2019 might have been the turning point that will finally encourage us to take responsibility. “Ten years ago, when the science on the climate issue was first increasing, the influences could be seen as an issue for future generations (子孙后代),” Katharine, a climate scientist, told The New York Times. “It’s no doubt our issue now.” However, simply realizing that climate change is a threat (威胁) is not enough. We must take real action before it is too late. 根据短文内容,用符合语义及语法规则的词填空,每空一词。

 56.The words “Climate Emergency”, “Climate Strike” and “Upcycling” talked about ________________ ________________, which was the hot issue in 2019. 57.“Climate strike” means people call for more action to protect the environment ________________ ________________ working or going to school. 58.In 2019, Venice lost hundreds of millions of euros because many ____________, ____________ and __________ were flooded. 59.What Katharine said means that ____________ ____________ for us to think over the issue of climate change. 60.We must do something on climate change ____________ than simply think it is a threat.

  七、话题作文 61.

 人生的每一次经历都是一种学习和提升。2019 年新型冠状病毒在中国和全球蔓延,我们见证了全国人民居家隔离,医务人员驰援武汉,学生停课不停学等战“疫”行动,这些都带给我们许多思考和启发。请以“A Life Lesson I Learned"为题,用英语写一篇短文。

 要求:1.观点明确,内容完整,逻辑清晰,书写规范; 2.词数 100 左右。

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  A Life Lesson I Learned ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  答案第 1 页,总 15 页 参考答案 1.C 【解析】

 【分析】

 【详解】

 句意:——这个餐厅是专门为老年人建造的。——那太棒了!70 多岁的人不必担心他们的日常饮食了。

 考查定冠词 the 的用法。an old man 一位老人;the old man 这位老人;the old 老年人。根据People over seventies won’t have to worry about their daily meals,可知,这个餐厅是专门为老人建造的,the+形容词表示一类人,所以空格处填 the old。故选 C。

 2.A 【解析】

 【分析】

 【详解】

 句意:——玛丽和她的同学忙着准备他们的期末考试。——那是为什么你总是能看到他们在图书馆学习。

 考查人称代词。them他们,它们,他们;us我们;her她。根据“Mary and her classmates”可知此处用人称代词的宾格 them,表示“他们”。故选 A。

 3.B 【解析】

 【分析】

 【详解】

 句意:我讲的唯一的笑话是我从你那里听到的笑话。

 考查代词。one 用来代替上文出现过的可数名词单数;ones 用来代替上文出现过的可数名词复数;joke笑话。根据“The only jokes”可知此处用来代替前文出现的复数名词 jokes,用ones。故选 B。

 4.C 【解析】

 【分析】

 【详解】

  答案第 2 页,总 15 页 句意:曲奇就应该搭配高脚杯的天然柠檬汁一起享用。

 考查介词辨析。at 在……;in 在……里;with 和……一起。根据空后“tall glasses of real lemon juice”可知此处是说曲奇和高脚杯装着的天然柠檬汁一起享用,用 with 符合题意。故选 C。

 5.C 【解析】

 【详解】

 句意:——你能把墙上的画取下来,把它弄干净吗?——当然。我很乐意。

 考查动词短语。pull down 摧毁,拉下来;take away 拿走,取走;take down 拆卸,拿下。根据空后“the picture on the wall and make it clean”可知是要把画取下来弄干净,用 take down 符合题意。故选 C。

 6.A 【解析】

 【分析】

 【详解】

 句意:——莉莉聪明又勤奋,她应该在歌唱比赛中取得好成绩。——当然。她天生是个歌唱家。

 考查情态动词。should 应该;might 可能;can"t 不可能。根据答句“Sure. She was born to be a singer.”讲到 Lily 是天生的歌唱家,可知此处表示肯定的推测,排除 C。might 表示推测时可能性非常小,而 should 表推测时讲话人是根据自己了解的情况和判断,试探性地得出结论,有“按理应当,估计”的含义。根据题干中“Lily is intelligent and hard-working”可知这里是根据自己了解的情况而做出的推测,用 should 而不用 might。故选 A。

 7.C 【解析】

 【分析】

 【详解】

 句意:——西宁变得越来越美丽。——哦,是的。我相信更多的变化正在路上。

 考查介词短语。on the radio 在广播中;in the end 终于,最后;on the way 在路上。根据题干中“Xining is getting more and more beautiful.”讲西宁变得越来越美丽,可推出此处是说更多变化正在发生,即“在路上”。故选 C。

 8.B

  答案第 3 页,总 15 页 【解析】

 【分析】

 【详解】

 句意:我仍然感到饥饿,尽管我吃了一些三明治。

 考查连词。so 因此;though 尽管;since 自从,因为。根据 still 判断“I had eaten some sandwiches”是让步状语从句,用 though 引导让步状语从句,故选 B。

 9.A 【解析】

 【分析】

 【详解】

 句意:中央电视台新闻记者明天要来采访王琳,请告诉她不要迟到。

 考查非谓语动词。not to be late 不要迟到;not to come 不要来;to watch TV 看电视。tell sb. (not) to do sth.告诉某人(不要)做某事。根据题干中“A CCTV news reporter will come to interview Wang Lin tomorrow”可知中央电视台新闻记者明天要来采访王琳,应该告诉她"不要迟到",用 not to be late 符合题意。故选 A。

 10.B 【解析】

 【分析】

 【详解】

 句意:——她是公司的最佳销售员,她的老板给了她十天的特别假期。——这太酷了。去年她售出的产品比任何人都多。

 考查形容词比较级。the most 最多的,形容词最高级;more 更多的,形容词比较级;fewer更少的,形容词比较级。根据题干中“She was the best seller in the company”可知她售出的产品多,排除 C 项;结合题干中“She sold out ____ products than any others last year.”可知此处用“比较级+than any others”结构,表示她卖的产品比任何人都多,用 more 符合题意。故选 B。

 11.C 【解析】

 【分析】

 【详解】

 句意:——当流感停止传播时你希望做什么?——我会周游世界,享受不同的食物。

  答案第 4 页,总 15 页 考查一般将来时。go around 四处走动,一般现在时;have been on a tour of 已经进行了……的旅行,现在完成时;will travel around 将会周游,一般将来时。根据问句“What are you expecting to do when the flu stops spreading?”问流感停止传播时你希望做什么,可推出是谈论将来的事,用一般将来时。故选 C。

 12.A 【解析】

 【分析】

 【详解】

 句意:我们将永不忘记那些为我们的国家牺牲生命的人。

 考查定语从句。who 指代人,在定语从句做主语或宾语;which 指代物,在定语从句做主语或宾语;whom指代人,在定语从句做宾语。此处先行词是 those 指的是“那些人”,定语从句用关系代词 who 做主语。故选 A。

 13.B 【解析】

 【分析】

 【详解】

 句意:——很难弄到一张周杰伦演唱会的票。——幸运的是,我有一张。

 考查副词辨析。Finally 最终;Luckily 幸运地;Recently 最近。根据题干中“It’s difficult to get a ticket of Jay Zhou’s concert.”可知弄到一张票很难,而答句中表示自己有一张,可推出是说“幸运地”。故选 B。

 14.A 【解析】

 【分析】

 【详解】

 句意:——多好的天气啊!我们去野餐,好吗?——听起来是个好主意。

 考查反意疑问句。根据题干中“Let’s go for a picnic, ________?”可知反意疑问句的陈述部分是以 let"s 开头的祈使句,疑问部分用 shall we。故选 A。

 15.B 【解析】

 【分析】

  答案第 5 页,总 15 页 【详解】

 句意:——关于早上发生的地震你知道些什么?——受伤的人被及时送到医院。

 考查一般过去时的被动语态。bring 带……到某处。are brought 一般现在时的被动语态;were brought 一般过去时的被动语态;will be brought 一般将来时的被动语态。三个选项都是被动语态,结合题干中“What do you know about the earthquake happened in the morning?”可知是询问过去发生的事情,用一般过去时,此处是一般过去时的被动语态。故选 B。

 16.C 【解析】

 【分析】

 【详解】

 句意:——我们最好问问当地人我们什么时候能到达下一个城镇。——我们问过了。但没人能说出这需要多长时间。

 考查疑问词辨析。how often 多久一次,提问频率;how far 多远,提问距离;how long 多长时间,多久,提问时间段。根据题干中“We’d better ask the local people when we’ll get to the next town.”要问什么时候能到下个城镇,可推出是说没人能说出需要多长时间,take 常表示花费时间,用 how long 符合题意。故选 C。

 17.B 【解析】

 【分析】

 【详解】

 句意:——你为什么不找些工人来修理机器?——好吧,他们中没几个人愿意做这么低工资的工作。

 考查代词辨析。a few 一些;few 极少,表否定含义;some 一些。三者都指代可数名词复数。根据题干中“Well, ________ of them want to do such a low-paid job.”可知此处应是说极少有人会做这么低工资的工作,要表示否定含义,用 few 符合题意。故选 B。

 18.A 【解析】

 【分析】

 【详解】

 句意:——在购物中心有一个娱乐中心、一些餐厅和数百家商店。——哇,这太棒了。我下

  答案第 6 页,总 15 页 星期去。

 考查 there be 句型。选项都表示“有”,由此可推出句意“在购物中心有……”,表示存在的状态,用一般现在时,排除 C;there be 句型中 be 动词遵循就近一致原则,与离得最近的主语an amusement 的数保持一致,an amusement 是单数,be 动词用 is,排除 B。故选 A。

 19.C 【解析】

 【分析】

 【详解】

 句意:——为什么那么多加拿大公司希望他为它们工作?——他既会说英语又会说法语。这是他的优势。

 考查名词辨析。decision 决定;condition 条件;advantage 优势。根据题干中“He can speak both English and French.”可知能说英语和法语是他的优势,用 advantage 符合题意。故选 C。

 20.B 【解析】

 【分析】

 【详解】

 句意:——你看上去情绪低落?怎么了?——我妈妈病了。

 考查情景交际。I’m watching a sitcom我在看情景喜剧。My mom is ill我妈妈病了。I just finished high school 我刚完成高中学业。根据“You look down! What’ s up”可知此处表示关切,询问发生了什么事,B 选项 My mom is ill 符合。故选 B。

 21.C 22.A 23.B 24.D 25.C 26.B 27.A 28.B 29.A

  答案第 7 页,总 15 页 30.D 【解析】

 【分析】

 这是一篇说明文,文章主要讲述科学家研究蓝鲸潜水觅食的时候,心跳很慢的原因。

 21. 句意:但是它们很迷人,不仅是因为它们巨大的体积而且是因为它们的缓慢地心跳。

 neither 二者都不;either二者之一;not only不仅;although 尽管。此处用的是 not only…but(also)…表示“不仅……而且……”。故选 C。

 22. 句意:第一次,科学家研究蓝鲸的心跳。

 heartbeat 心跳;body size身体大小;diving 潜水;food 食物。根据后文“when blue whales dive for food, their heart rates”可知科学家研究的是心跳,用 heartbeat。故选 A。

 23. 句意:他们发现当蓝鲸潜水觅食,心跳很慢每分钟跳两下。

 it 它,that 那个;once 曾经,一旦;if如果。found后面是宾语从句,用 that 引导从句,that在从句中没有实际的含义。故选 B。

 24. 句意:他们发现当蓝鲸潜水觅食,心跳很慢每分钟跳两下。

 many很多;little 几乎不;fast 快;slow慢。根据“2 beats per minute (bpm)”可知心跳很慢,用形容词 slow。故选 D。

 25. 句意:科学家过去认为它们的潜水心跳是每分钟 15 下。

 regard 看作,当成,侧重凭外表或表面现象作判断;expect 期望;think 思考,想,认为;doubt怀疑。根据“Scientists”可知此处指的是科学家的结论,用 think that 引出后面的宾语从句。故选 C。

 26. 句意:当蓝鲸到达海洋的表面呼吸的时候,它们的心跳是在每分钟 25到 37 之间。

 bottom底部;surface 表面;center 中心;side 边。根据“to breathe”可知此处用名词 surface。故选 B。

 27.

  答案第 8 页,总 15 页 句意:通常一个动物越大,心跳就越慢。

 the slower 越慢;slower慢一点;the faster 越快;faster快一点。此处是“the+比较级,the+比较级”表示“越……越……”,根据文章讲述的蓝鲸的心跳缓慢可知此处用 the slower。故选 A。

 28. 句意:因为它花更多的时间给身体输送血液。

 it’s 它是;its它的;his他的;her她的。此处“an animal”可知此处用 its 表示“它的”。故选 B。

 29. 句意:通过减缓它们的心率,蓝鲸可以将更多的血液输送到它们用来潜水的肌肉中。

 by通过;in在……里面;on 在……上面,一……就……;at在某个点。此处是方式状语,用by doing。故选 A。

 30. 句意:通过减缓它们的心率,蓝鲸可以将更多的血液输送到它们用来潜水的肌肉中。

 to pump blood 输血;to eat吃;to breathe呼吸;to dive潜水。根据“These muscles become stronger, allowing the whales to dive for longer periods of time”可知此处指的是潜水,用动词不定式 to dive。故选 D。

 31.A 32.A 33.C 34.C 35.D 【解析】

 【分析】

 文章大意:本文介绍了 5 个很棒的英国乐队,介绍了其名字、起源地、存在时间、成员、著名歌曲或专辑及荣誉。

 31.细节理解题。根据表格第三行中“The Beatles ... Liverpool”可知在 Liverpool 的是 The Beatles。故选 A。

 32.细节理解题。根据表格第三列中的日期信息可知“The Rolling Stones ... 1962-present”可知The Rolling Stones 从 1962 年至今,是存在时间最长的乐队。故选 A。

 33.细节理解题。根据表格第五行中“The Who ... Have seven albums on Rolling Stone

  答案第 9 页,总 15 页 magazine"s "500 Greatest Albums of All Time" ”可知滚石杂志有史以来最伟大的 500 张专辑中有七张 The Who 乐队的。故选 C。

 34.细节理解题。根据表格倒数第二行中“Led Zeppelin ... Stairway to Heaven”可知 Led Zeppelin 乐队最著名的歌曲是 Stairway to Heaven。故选 C。

 35.细节理解题。根据表格最后一行中“Pink Floyd ... Syd Berrett, Roger Waters, Richard Wright, Nick Mason, David Gilmour”可知 Richard Wright 是 Pink Floyd 乐队的成员之一。故选 D。

 36.D 37.A 38.B 39.D 40.C 【解析】

 【分析】

 文章大意:本文主要讲述了在过去的六个月,冠状病毒疫情以不同的方式影响不同的国家和地区。

 36.细节理解题。根据第 1 段中“Over the last six months, the coronavirus pandemic has affected different countries and regions in different ways.”结合全文内容可知这些事都和冠状病毒疫情有关。故选 D。

 37.词义猜测题。根据画线词所在语境中“people were suggested not leaving their home”可知人们被建议不要离开自己的家,由此可知意大利政府是决定封锁全国。lockdown 意为“封城”。故选 A。

 38.细节理解题。根据第 3 段中“On March 11, World Health Organization (WHO) officially characterized COVID-19 as a pandemic. This was because of a growing number of cases around the world.”可知世界卫生组织正式将 COVID-19 定性为流行病是因为世界各地的病例越来越多。故选 B。

 39.细节理解题。根据第 4 段中“... the 2020 Summer Olympic Games ... would be delayed until the following year in the interest of protecting pubic safety.”可知东京 2020 年夏季奥运会被推迟是为了保护公众安全。故选 D。

 40.细节理解题。根据最后一段中“On April 28, the US officially recorded over one million

  答案第 10 页,总 15 页 COVID-19 cases nationwide. ... as the first case had been recorded three months earlier.”可知 4 月28 日时美国冠状病毒的病例超过了一百万,而第一例病例是在 3 个月前记录的,可知到达一百万用了 3 个月。故选 C。

 41.B 42.D 43.D 44.A 45.B 【解析】

 【分析】

 本文讲述了作者和家人因为工作关系天各一方,虽然生活惬意,但对于他们来说代价太大了。

 41.细节理解题。根据第1段中“... but they moved with us to Ottawa when they were quite young. They went to school there, grew up there.”可知,作者的儿子们在渥太华长大。故选 B。

 42.推理判断题。画线句“Our home, while very comfortable, was also very quiet.”意为“我们的家很舒适,但也很安静。”可推出,作者虽然生活很惬意,但是有的时候感到孤单。故选 D。

 43.细节理解题。根据倒数第2段中“We’re very happy but there are times I think about the things we didn’t see: the tears or the smile on the granddaughter’s face, their school graduations, my son’s joy at successes in business.”可知作者错过的重要事情有:孙女脸上的泪水和微笑、他们学校的毕业典礼、儿子生意上的成功。故选 D。

 44.推理判断题。根据最后一段中“Life has been good for our family but we have all paid a price.”可知,尽管作者退休生活很惬意,但是付出的代价也很大,由此可推断作者是在暗示虽然享受着幸福的生活,但他们都后悔没有一直住在一起。故选 A。

 45.标题归纳题。根据最后一段中“Life has been good for our family but we have all paid a price.”可知,本文主要讲述了作者和家人因为工作关系天各一方,虽然生活惬意,但对于他们来说代价太大了,所以最适合本文的标题是"付出的代价"。故选 B。

 46.E 47.G 48.C

  答案第 11 页,总 15 页 49.D 50.A 【解析】

 【分析】

 对话大意:对话中的两名家长谈论了自己的孩子在家是否做家务,并就孩子们是否应该做家务这一问题进行了交流。

 46.根据问句“Does your son share everyday chores?”询问自己的儿子在家是否做家务,可知要回答做家务或不做家务,由下文中“Probably we should change our mind. ”可知两人孩子的情况是一样的,此处用否定回答。结合选项可知要用“Not really.”表示“不见得,并非真的如此。”故选 E。

 47.根据空前“Well, she did little housework except for her homework.”讲女儿极少做家务,可推出接下来会提到自己的想法。结合选项可知要用“We expect she can spend all her spare time on school work.”表示“我们希望她能把所有的业余时间都花在学习上。”故选 G。

 48.上文提出要通过学校和家庭教育来养成孩子的一些好习惯,表示“听起来不错”后应该会询问要怎么做。结合选项可知要用“But what should we do?”表示“但是我们该怎么办呢?”故选 C。

 49.上文询问要怎么办,根据“through both school and family education”可知要从学校和家庭两方面提出建议。结合选项可知要用“Well, schools can give students some real-world work experience, while parents can help kids learn to do chores at home.”表示“噢,学校可以给学生一些现实世界的工作经验,而父母可以帮助孩子在家里学习做家务。”故选 D。

 50.空前表示同意对方的建议,而答句又讲到孩子们学到的技能越多就能处理越多问题,由此可推出此处会说孩子们要面临的问题。结合选项可知要用“After all, they will leave parents and face the challenges in life.”表示“毕竟,他们会离开父母,面对生活中的挑战。...

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